Religion, spirituality and alternative

Barrett, Sir William (1926) Deathbed visions, the psychical experiences of the dying Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, Aquarian

Dr. Nicki Crowley (2006) ‘Psychosis or Spiritual Emergence? – Consideration of the Transpersonal Perspective within Psychiatry’ Essay from the Ror¡yal College of Psychiatry
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Martin F. Davies, Murray Griffin and Sue Vice Affective reactions to auditory hallucinations in psychotic, evangelical and control groups British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 361–370

Objectives. Building on recent work on the similarities and differences in delusional ideation between psychotic and religious populations (Peters, Day, 1999), the experiences of auditory hallucinations in psychotic,evangelical and control groups were examined in this study.

Method. The incidence and subjective experiences of hearing voices were assessed using questionnaire methods in psychotic out-patients, evangelical Christians and controls (non-psychotic, non-evangelical).

Results. Incidence of auditory hallucinations differed significantly across the three groups with psychotics showing the highest levels and controls the lowest levels. The experiences of the evangelical group were significantly more positive than those of the control group, which in turn were significantly more positive than those of the psychotic group. The most recent experience of hearing voices was rated more positively than the first experience by the psychotic and religious groups but not by the control group. These findings were much stronger for affective reactions to the experiences than for perceptions of the voices.

Conclusion. These results provide only partial support for the findings of Peters et al. (1999) on differences in delusional ideation and possible reasons for this are discussed. The findings for religious and psychotic individuals are discussed further in terms of interpretational and coping mechanisms.

Clarke I (2001)Psychosis and Spirituality – exploring the new frontier Whurr publishers London.

Garrido, Eduardo; Javierre, Casimiro; Ventura, Josep L; Segura, Ramon Hallucinatory Experiences at High Altitude Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, & Behavioral Neurology, April 2000, 13 (2), 148–148

Giovetti P. (1999) Visions of the Dead, Death-Bed Visions and the Near-Death Experience in Italy Human Nature, No 1. September 1999, Vol 1 – Psychical Research

Greyson B. (2003) Incidents and correlates of Near Death Experiences in a Cardiac Care Unit General Hospital Psychiatry, 25, 269 – 276

Greyson B. (1983) The Near Death Experience Scale Journal of Nervous and Mental diseases, Vol. 171 No. 6, 376 – 381

Gurney, Myers and Podmore (1886) Phantasms of the Living Londom: Trubner

Doug Holmes Ph.D, Hearing Voices: Hillary, Angels, and O.J. to the Voice-Producing Brain Shenandoah Psychology Press, [email protected] , 15 February, 1999

Houran J. and Lange R. (1997) Hallucinations, the Comfort. Contextual mediation of deathbed visions Perceptual and Motor Skills 8.4, 1490 – 1504

Larson DB, Larson S, Koenig G. (2001) The Patients’ Spiritual/Religious Dimension: A Forgotten Factor in Mental Health Directions in Psychiatry, Vol. 21 lesson 21

Lukoff D. (1998) From Spiritual Emergency to Spiritual Problem: the transpersonal roots of the new DSM-IV category Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 38(2), 21-50.

Parnia S., Waller D., Yeate R., Fenwick P., (2001)A qualitative and quantitative study of the incidenc, features and aetiology of near death experiences in cardiac arrest patients Resuscitation, 48, 149 – 153

Sidgewick H.A. (1894) Report on the census of hallucinations, Proceedings of the Society of Psychical Research, No. 26, pp. 25 394

Hermione Thornhill, Linda Clare, Rufus May, Escape, enlightenment and endurance (2004): Anthropology & Medicine, Routledge, Issue: Volume 11, Number 2 / August 2004, Pages: 181 – 199

Van Lommel P., Van Wees R., Meyers V., Elfferich I., Near-death experience in survivors of cardiac arrest, a prospective study in the Netherlands (2001) Lancet, 358, 2039 – 2045

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